Animals in The Russian Fairy Tales

If we classified the Russian fairy tales according to the plot, we would divide them into 3 main groups: animal tales, animal-human tales & human-spirit tales. The first group represents a set of rather simple stories commonly known as “for kids”. The second & the third ones are more complicated & usually have a deep, profound sense, so they are for those who are older.

Unlike the modern trend telling foreigners that Russia is the place where bears with balalaikas wander, the bear is not a common animal in our folklore. Certainly, there are stories about them, (mostly belonging to the second group), – but rather few.

The most popular animals in the Russian fairy-tales are Fox, Wolf, Hare, then Bear and Rooster or other birds. Fox symbolizes slyness & too often wisdom. Its behaviour has something in common with the famous le Roman de Renart veiled with the Slavic spirit. Wolf represents simplicity or cowardice & he often is punished for his friend Fox‘s doing, but never anger or violence. It is very likely that originally this character was a dog. Its manner of behaviour points to that. Hare is an example of courage, creativity & helplessness. He usually suffers from Fox & Wolf’s crafty designs. Bear is stupid & ignorant. He always gets into a pretty mess due to his reluctance to think or to learn. Rooster is a symbol of justice, but he is a rather rare character in our folklore.

I wonder why we have no horse, pig or cow stories though. Maybe because our Slavic ancestors used to live in the forests & they did not regard domestic animals as ones deserved to be mentioned in folk-tales.

Maria KethuProfumo


About kethuprofumo

Reconstructing the Past for the glorious Future
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14 Responses to Animals in The Russian Fairy Tales

  1. I think you hit the nail on the head with the idea that domesticated animals were not included in folklore. Russia used the bear as a symbol, Given what you said about the bear I wonder why?

  2. Interesting… Enjoyed the post, Maria. 🙂

  3. It is interesting that domestic animals are not featured in Russian fairy stories. There are many of ours that do feature them (English I mean).

  4. fulvialuna1 says:

    Credo tu abbia ragione sugli animali domestici.

  5. Really interesting. I suspect poor bear has been exploitation by current trends. However, I find it interesting that animal only stories are for kids only. Unfortunately my novel is animal only but I don’t thinks it’s just for kids. So finding a publisher could be difficult. Domestic animals feature in Grimms Tales e.g. The Town Musicians of Bremen. They kind of get their own back. Thinking of the Panchatantra, perhaps this was one of the earliest uses of animals to tell moral and spiritual tales. I love your illustration.

  6. kutukamus says:

    This is news to me. All this time, I thought bear were the most popular character in children’s books there. How wrong I am! 🙂 Thanks for sharing. 🍸

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